Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Encrasicholina: Greek, egkrasicholos, -os, -on = mixed with spleen; macrocephala: Named for its relatively large head.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea, Djibouti.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101273)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: dorsal and anal fins possess with 3 unbranched rays; with total pectoral-fin rays 11-14 (modally 13); pseudobranchial filaments 15-18; gill rakers on 1st arch 17-20 (19) in upper series, 21-25 (23) in lower, 40-45 (42) in total; prepelvic scutes 5-6 (5); large head, its length 29.5-31.7% (mean 30.4%) of SL; long upper jaw, its length 21.3-23.5% (mean 22.2%) of SL and its posterior tip extending beyond posterior margin of preopercle; long lower jaw, its length 19.5-21.2% (mean 20.3%) of SL; D-P1 short, 83.2-95.2% (mean 89.8%) of HL. (Ref. 101273)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hata, H. and H. Motomura, 2015. A new species of anchovy, Encrasicholina macrocephala (Clupeiformes: Engraulidae), from the northwestern Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 3941(1):117-124. (Ref. 101273)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00249 - 0.01105), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .