Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Sternopygidae
Etymology: Eigenmannia: From Eigenmann, 1910, researcher of faunistic studies (Ref. 45335); waiwai: The specific name waiwai is a reference to the indigenous people whose home territory proximates the type locality for the species..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
South America: Rio Mapuera, Rio Trombetas basin in Pará, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115689)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 167 - 195. Eigenmannia waiwai differs from other members of the E. trilineata species group by having the length of anterodorsal process of maxilla equal to 1.5 times the width of the posterior nostril (vs. equal to 50% of the width of posterior nostril in E. antonioi, E. desantanai, E. guairaca, E. muirapinima, E. pavulagem, and E. vicentespelaea, or equal to the width of the posterior nostril in E. matintapereira, E. microstoma, and E. trilineata). In addition, it is distinguished from other species of the E. trilineata species group, with the exception of E. vicentespelaea, by having subterminal mouth (vs. terminal mouth). It can be diagnosed from E. vicentespelaea by having nine or ten longitudinal series of scales above the lateral line (vs. seven or eight), body depth at the vertical through the tip of longest pectoral-fin ray, 14.9-18.7% LEA (vs. 10.5-14.5%), depth of the posterodorsal expansion on infraorbitals 1 + 2 less than 50% of length of infraorbitals 1 + 2 (vs. approximately equal to length of infraorbitals 1 + 2), and length of the coronomeckelian bone equal to 20% of the length of Meckel’s cartilage (vs. 45% of the length of Meckel’s cartilage) (Ref. 115689).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Peixoto, L.A.W., G.M. Dutra and W.B. Wosiacki, 2015. The electric glass knifefishes of the Eigenmannia trilineata species-group (Gymnotiformes: Sternopygidae): monophyly and description of seven new species. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 175:384-414. (Ref. 115689)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00169 - 0.00782), b=2.96 (2.77 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100).