Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Diodontidae
Etymology: Diodon: Greek, di = two + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 70 m (Ref. 9563), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C -
Indo-Pacific: Southern Australia from central New South Wales to a similar latitude in Western Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9563)
Found commonly in shallow bays. Nocturnal. Occurs in small aggregations.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kuiter, R.H., 1993. Coastal fishes of south-eastern Australia. University of Hawaii Press. Honolulu, Hawaii. 437 p. (Ref. 9002)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Poisonous to eat
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.1 - 22.4, mean 17.8 °C (based on 198 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5313 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.04786 (0.01967 - 0.11644), b=2.82 (2.61 - 3.03), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 16.2 [5.7, 35.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.228 [0.124, 0.438] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [17.0, 21.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.309 [0.145, 0.636] g/100g ; Selenium = 10.2 [4.4, 25.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 32.1 [7.7, 129.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.541 [0.330, 0.876] mg/100g (wet weight);