Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Diaphinae
Etymology: Diaphus: Greek, dis, dia = through + Greek, physa, phyo = to beget, to have as offspring (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range - 2091 m (Ref. 26165), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 40°N - 49°S, 78°W - 99°W
Eastern Atlantic: Canary Islands (Ref. 6808) and off Senegal. Western Atlantic: west of 30°W between 36°N and 10°S. Indo-West Pacific: off East Africa, Comoro Islands and west coast of Madagascar; off Japan south of 40°N, southeast Asian seas, Australia (Ref. 7300) and New Zealand (Ref. 5755). Eastern Pacific: near Hawaii, and off Acapulco, Mexico. South China Sea (Ref.74511).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
Meso- and benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Pseudoceanic, at 325-750 m by day and nyctoepipelagic at surface to 125 m at night (with maximum abundance at 100 m) (Ref. 4479). Lipid content is 8.7 % in fresh body weight and wax ester is 1.7 in total lipids (Ref. 9193). Often appears with sergestid shrimp Sergia spp., marine hatchetfishes Argyropelecus spp. and Polyipnus spp. (Ref 39633).
Specimens reach sexual maturity at a length of 4 cm (Ref. 47377).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.4 - 14.4, mean 8.6 °C (based on 1147 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00271 - 0.01280), b=3.05 (2.85 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .