Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Cyphotilapia: Greek, kyphos = curved, humpback + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 8.0 - ? ; dH range: 8 - 12. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 1672); 3°S - 10°S
Africa: endemic to Lake Tanganyika, distributed in the northern half of the lake (Ref. 52029).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5623)
Rock-dwellers, often in aggregation (Ref. 86760). Omnivorous, feed on shellfish (snails and mussels) and fish (Ref. 6770). Food intake of mouth brooding females is for nourishment of both themselves and the young (Ref. 33980). Aquarium keeping: several females for one male; minimum aquarium size >200 cm (Ref. 51539).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Females incubate eggs in buccal cavity. Early hatching embryos commence feeding on inhaled particles by the female when still in possession of large yolk (Ref. 7471). In one study, larvae of up to 1.66 cm TL are mouthbrooded by a female parent 14.0 SL long (Ref. 86760).
Maréchal, C. and M. Poll, 1991. Cyphotilapia. p. 69-70. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5623)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00674 - 0.03099), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=50).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .