Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Cottidae
Etymology: Cottus: Greek, kottos = a fish (Ref. 45335); schitsuumsh: The specific name schitsu’umsh (pronounced s-CHEET-sue-umsh) is Americanist phonetic notation of the spoken word used by the first peoples who inhabited portions of northern Idaho and western Montana, now recognized as the Coeur d’Alene Tribe. In modern usage it means "those who were found here" and refers to the people of this tribe. The current distribution of this species overlaps with most of the historical homeland of this tribe.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
North America: Columbia River basin, Idaho-Montana, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94998)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 7 - 9;
soft rays: 13 - 15. Distinguished from all congeners in the upper Columbia River basin by the lack of a second preopercular spine, palatine tooth patches smaller and separate from the vomerine tooth patch, and axillary prickling. Differs from Cottus cognatus, C. confusus , C. hubbsi, and C. rhotheus by the absence of a second preopercular spine; and from C. cf. bairdii and C. beldingii by the presence of axillary prickling. Furthermore, this species possesses palatine tooth patches smaller than the vomerine tooth patch and the patches are separated (vs. palatine tooth patches equal to or larger in size than the vomerine tooth patch in Cottus cf. bairdii; and generally, palatine teeth absent in Cottus beldingii) (Ref. 94998).
Common to abundant in cool to cold tributaries with cobble and gravel bottoms. Sympatric with Oncorhynchus clarkii and Salvelinus confluentus throughout its distribution, with Cottus rhotheus in Idaho, and withCottus cognatu in Montana (Ref. 94998).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lemoine, M., M.K. Young, K.S. Mckelvey, L. Eby, K.L. Pilgrim and M.K. Schwartz, 2014. Cottus schitsuumsh, a new species of sculpin (Scorpaeniformes: Cottidae) in the Columbia River basin, Idaho-Montana, USA. Zootaxa 3755(3):241-258. (Ref. 94998)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00345 - 0.02197), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .