Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Callichthyidae
(Callichthyid armored catfishes) > Corydoradinae
Etymology: Corydoras: Greek, kory = helmet + greek, doras = skin (Ref. 45335); lymnades: The Lymnades are small creatures derived from the Goblins, according to Greek mythology. The specific name lymnades alludes to the small size of the new species and its coloration similarity with Corydoras garbei. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: upper and middle rio São Francisco basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93812)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6 - 7;
Vertebrae: 22. This species is diagnosed from most species of Corydoras, except C. aeneus, C. britskii, C. coppenamensis, C. difluviatilis, C. eques, C. garbei, C. multiradiatus, C. rabauti, C. splendens, and C. zygatus, by the anterior portion of the first infraorbital very large, conspicuously expanded towards the anteroventral margin of the snout and almost entirely covering its lateral margin (vs. anterior expansion small in C. hastatus, C. pygmaeus, and C. panda; or anterior expansion large, but not covering significantly the lateral margin of the snout in remaining species of Corydoras). It differs from C. aeneus, C. britskii, C. difluviatilis, C. eques, C. garbei, C. multiradiatus, C. rabauti, C. splendens, and C. zygatus by the second infraorbital slender on its dorsal tip, contacting only sphenotic (vs. dorsal tip of second infraorbital wide, contacting sphenotic and compound pterotic by means of a triangular expansion); and from C. coppenamensis by having two laterosensory canals on trunk (vs. three) (Ref. 93812).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Tencatt, L.F.C., H.S. Vera-Alcaraz, M.R. Britto and C.S. Pavanelli, 2013. A new Corydoras Lacépède, 1803 (Siluriformes: Callichthyidae) from the rio São Francisco basin, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 11(2):257-264. (Ref. 93812)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00657 - 0.03821), b=2.99 (2.79 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .