Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Coris: Greek, kore, -es = pupil and also with themenaing of "maid" (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Randall & Kuiter.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 9 - 55 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Pacific: Philippines, Indonesia, and Australia (including Western Australia). Reported from Taiwan (Ref. 5193).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2272)
soft rays: 12;
Vertebrae: 25. Body whitish; a broad black stripe from snout through eye, ending in upper central part of caudal fin, this stripe separated by a narrow white band from a mid dorsal black stripe. Iris yellowish. Male with yellow border on the lower edge of lateral black stripe; basal blackish band of dorsal fin tinged with red instead of yellow; anal fin darker yellow; caudal tinged with light red basally on lobe instead of bluish white. 6 branchiostegal rays. Fin spines pungent.
Common around small coral heads in silty sand-rubble areas. Generally found at depths of more than 20 m (Ref. 33411). Occurs in small groups on sandy or muddy substrates along reef margins or on soft bottom. Enters shallow estuaries as well (Ref. 48636).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 1999. Revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Coris, with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (29):74 p. (Ref. 33411)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.6 - 28.9, mean 27.6 °C (based on 432 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00468 - 0.02039), b=3.06 (2.89 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 84.7 [7.3, 235.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.754 [0.441, 1.282] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [15.9, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.148 [0.072, 0.316] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.1 [11.4, 80.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 121 [41, 381] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.39 [1.13, 4.45] mg/100g (wet weight);