Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 5.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 12. Tropical; 25°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672); 5°N - 5°S
Asia: Endemic to Indonesia (Sumatra and Borneo).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 20 - ? cm
Max length : 30.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 92922); max. published weight: 469.00 g (Ref. 92922)
Body orange with 3 black bars. Eyes not covered with skin (Ref. 13274).
Adults are found mostly at the bottom of main river channels, often hiding under rocks, woods, or in mud cavities (Ref. 92922). Juveniles are often found in the floodplains (Ref. 92922). Adults feed on worms, crustaceans and plant matter (Ref. 7020). Aquarium keeping: aggressive; in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 150 cm (Ref. 51539).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Breeding occurs at the beginning of the rainy season in fast flowing rivers (Ref. 1672).
Kottelat, M., 2004. Botia kubotai, a new species of loach (Teleostei: Cobitidae) from the Ataran River basin (Myanmar), with comments on botiine nomenclature and diagnosis of a new genus. Zootaxa 401:1-18. (Ref. 50472)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: highly commercial
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00411 - 0.02324), b=2.99 (2.79 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.32 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 274 [137, 559] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.55 [0.87, 2.72] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.2 [15.3, 19.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.377 [0.192, 0.783] g/100g ; Selenium = 61.1 [27.4, 130.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 45.6 [16.5, 132.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.86 [1.24, 3.00] mg/100g (wet weight);