Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Chromis: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Fowler & Bean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 12 - 70 m (Ref. 7247), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 25°N - 25°S
Indo-West Pacific: Maldives to Fiji and the Marshall Islands, north to Taiwan. Recently recorded from Tonga (Ref. 53797).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
soft rays: 10 - 11. Color of body grayish brown; edges of scales orangish or bluish; dorsal and anal fins with whitish spot on its posterior half; anus region blackish; upper base of pectoral with a blackish spot. Opercular margin serrate. 15-17 tubed lateral line scales. Eyes large (Ref. 2693). Body depth 1.8-1.9 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Adults inhabit cave openings and crevices of steep outer reef slopes in small aggregations (Ref. 9710, 48636). May also be seen singly with black corals, large sponges or gorgonian fans. Diurnal species (Ref. 54980; 113699). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 48636.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26 - 28.9, mean 27.7 °C (based on 328 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00674 - 0.03244), b=2.99 (2.80 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.29 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 144 [84, 321] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.02 [0.64, 1.59] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.8, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.167 [0.102, 0.268] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.8 [13.7, 44.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 99.4 [34.9, 284.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.12 [1.45, 3.03] mg/100g (wet weight);