Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Chlorophthalmidae
Etymology: Chlorophthalmus: Greek, chloros = green + Greek, ophthlamos = eye (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 184 - 285 m (Ref. 44036), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia and northwestern Australia. Also from southern Japan to the East China Sea (Ref. 559).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559); max. published weight: 91.00 g (Ref. 121526)
Found on the continental shelf and slope.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.8 - 20.6, mean 15.2 °C (based on 57 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00203 - 0.00780), b=3.17 (2.99 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .