Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Centrarchiformes
(Basses) > Latridae
Etymology: Chirodactylus: Greek, cheir = hand + Greek, daktylos = finger (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 240 m (Ref. 9492), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 23°S - 36°S
Southeast Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean: Walvis Bay, Namibia around the Cape to Delagoa Bay, Mozambique.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9492); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9492)
Found in coastal waters from the shoreline to about 240 m depth, associated with reef areas (Ref. 9492) and rocky bottoms (Ref. 5319). Feeds on invertebrates (Ref. 27121).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, M.M., 1986. Cheilodactylidae. p. 667-668. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 5319)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.2 - 24.5, mean 16.4 °C (based on 44 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00553 - 0.02735), b=3.02 (2.83 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 30.2 [17.9, 56.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.785 [0.479, 1.282] mg/100g ; Protein = 20 [18, 22] % ; Omega3 = 0.211 [0.136, 0.331] g/100g ; Selenium = 17.7 [9.6, 30.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 51.7 [18.3, 144.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.921 [0.633, 1.358] mg/100g (wet weight);