Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Orectolobiformes
(Carpet sharks) > Hemiscylliidae
Etymology: Chiloscyllium: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, skylla = a kind of shark (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 12 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 23°N - 10°N, 91°E - 133°E
Indo-West Pacific: Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Myanmar and Vietnam.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 106604)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 0. Caudal fin with a pronounced subterminal notch but without a ventral lobe (Ref. 13575). Juveniles with dark grey-brown bands outlined in black, adults uniform medium- to dark-brown color, the black edgings being the last parts of the color pattern to disappear (Ref. 13575).
A common inshore bottom-dweller (Ref. 13575); on rock and coral reefs (Ref. 90102). Feeds on invertebrates (Ref. 13575). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Utilized for human consumption (Ref. 13575). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V. and V.H. Niem, 1998. Hemiscylliidae. Longtail carpetsharks. p. 1249-1259. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO identification guide for fishery purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 13575)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.9 - 29.1, mean 28.7 °C (based on 158 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00179 - 0.00926), b=3.09 (2.89 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .