Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Mochokidae
(Squeakers or upside-down catfishes) > Chiloglanidinae
Etymology: Chiloglanis: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 14°N - 8°N
Africa: Volta basin (Burkina Faso and Ghana) and Benue River (middle Niger River basin) (Nigeria and Cameroon) (Ref. 13094, 57223).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57223)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 29 - 31. Diagnosis: labial disk moderately developed, almost circular and not papillose, only with some weak swellings, much more subtle than those observed in other West African species; outer pair of mandibular barbels much longer than inner pair; inner auxiliary barbels absent; all teeth simple, long and straight (sometimes slightly S-shaped), those on premaxillary plates set in 2 rows; mandibular teeth, initially believed to be absent or rudimentary, in fact small and numerous, and arranged in 1-2 regular rows along entire rim of mouth; eye moderately developed; caudal fin slightly forked, with rounded lobes, lower lobe better developed than upper (Ref. 57223).
Coloration: 3 dark vertical bars on sides, separated by wide lighter areas; some individuals with narrow dark vertical bar at base of caudal fin, but rest of fin-surface uniformly coloured (Ref. 57223).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Gosse, J.-P., 1986. Mochokidae. p. 105-152. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels, MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3202)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .