Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Mochokidae
(Squeakers or upside-down catfishes) > Chiloglanidinae
Etymology: Chiloglanis: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Pellegrin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 17°N - 4°N
Africa: restricted to Sassandra and Volta rivers in Côte d'Ivoire and Pra River in Ghana (Ref. 116018).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57223)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 31 - 32. Diagnosis: Labial disk moderately developed and rounded, covered with large papillae; mandibular barbels little developed, auxiliary barbels absent; premaxillary teeth large and arranged in 3-4 rows; mandibular teeth numbering 4+4 to 5+5, sometimes even 6+6; dorsal fin with 5-6 branched rays, the 6th soft ray always slender, very close to 5th; adipose fin short, beginning slightly ahead of anal-fin origin; caudal peduncle rather elongate, but less so than in C. batesii; caudal fin deeply forked, with distinctly pointed lobes, lower lobe longer than upper; usually a longitudinal black band on one or both lobes of caudal fin; eyes moderately developed; sexual dimorphism absent or weak (Ref. 57223).
Colouration: body with 3 more or less well defined dark vertical bars separated by paler areas; lower caudal-fin lobe, and sometimes also the upper, with a more or less distinct black band (Ref. 57223).
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Maximum size 6.2cm TL (Ref. 3202).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Schmidt, R.C., H.L. Bart, F. Pezold and J.P. Friel, 2017. A biodiversity hotspot heats up: Nine new species of suckermouth catfishes (Mochokidae: Chiloglanis) from Upper Guinean forest steams in West Africa. Copeia 105(2):301-338. (Ref. 116018)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .