Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Mochokidae
(Squeakers or upside-down catfishes) > Chiloglanidinae
Etymology: Chiloglanis: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Roberts.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: only known from the type locality in the Lokunje basin in south-eastern Cameroon (Ref. 13094, 81251).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13094)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 30 - 31. Diagnosis: sucker huge and rounded, longer than broad; mandibular barbels very small, no auxiliary mandibular barbels; premaxillary teeth large in up to 7 rows; mandibular teeth usually in 2 rows, with 13+13 to 15+15 teeth; eye very small; adipose fin long and low, its origin well in advance of a vertical through anal fin origin; caudal peduncle moderately deep; caudal fin moderately forked with lobes rounded, nearly equal; no sexual dimorphism of anal fin, caudal fin or humeral process of pectoral girdle (Ref. 81251).
Coloration: preserved specimens with numerous large melanophores more or less uniformly distributed over entire dorso-lateral surface of body, rapidly becoming sparser toward middle of abdomen; dark vertical bar on base of caudal fin as well as one in its middle (Ref. 81251).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Roberts, T.R., 1989. Systematic revision and description of new species of suckermouth catfishes (Chiloglanis, Mochokidae) from Cameroun. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 46(6):151-178. (Ref. 13094)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .