Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Chiasmodontidae
Etymology: Chiasmodon: Name from the Greek 'chiasmos' which means diagonally arranged, and 'odous' for tooth or teeth.. More on author: Garman.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 245 - 4568 m (Ref. 82429). Deep-water; 48°N - 29°S (Ref. 82429)
Eastern Pacific, from Hawaii 155°30'W to the west coast of North, Central and northern South America, from 48°N to 29°S (from Canada to northern Chile).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6944)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 43 - 44. This species is diagnosed from its congeners by the total infraorbital pores 11-13, infraorbital 1 pores five to six (vs. 13-14, rarely 11, infraorbital 1 pores seven to eight); lower jaw short, not extending beyond upper jaw, 63.9-72.7% HL (vs. elongated lower jaw, extending beyond upper jaw, 73.3-77.1% HL in C. asper; 76.0-83.8% HL in C. braueri, 80.8-89.9% HL in C. harteli, 76.8-85.2% HL in C. microcephalus, 72.2-80.0% HL in C. niger, and 72.2-77.0% HL in C. pluriradiatus). It further differs from other species by the blunt snout, and short 21.4-23.9% HL (vs. elongated and pointed 23.0-26.6% HL in C. harteli; 23.7-28.0% HL in C. microcephalus; 22.2-26.6% HL in C. niger); upper jaw 63.9-72.7% HL (vs. 70.0-77.1% HL in C. braueri; 74.3-84.2% HL in C. harteli; and 72.2-80.0% HL in C. niger); from C. braueri, by the absence of teeth on second ceratobranchial (vs. present); from C. harteli by the total vertebrae 43-44 (vs. 47-48), and supraorbital pores 7-8 (vs. six, rarely 7); from C. pluriradiatus and C. asper, by pectoral-fin rays 12-13 (vs. 15-16), no tiny dermal spinules on body in specimens larger than 48.7 mm (vs. spinules present), and fang on premaxillary head 1 (vs. 2) (Ref. 82429).
Found in the mesopelagic to bathypelagic zones (Ref. 82429).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Melo, M.R.S., 2009. Revision of the genus Chiasmodon (Acanthomorpha: Chiasmodontidae), with description of two new species. Copeia 2009(3):583-608. (Ref. 82429)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.2 - 4.5, mean 3.1 °C (based on 234 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00401 - 0.02866), b=3.03 (2.80 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .