Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Scorpaenoidei
(Scorpionfishes) > Triglidae
(Searobins) > Triglinae
Etymology: Chelidonichthys: Greek, chelidon, -onos = swift, as black as a swift + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 390 m (Ref. 4316). Subtropical; 18°S - 36°S, 12°E - 36°E
Southeast Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean: Cape Fria, Namibia to Maputo, Mozambique. The record of a specimen from Reunion (MHNRUN 36) is probably erroneous (Ref. 33390).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 32.8, range 27 - 35 cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3699); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3699); max. reported age: 16 years (Ref. 26321)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found over sandy and muddy bottoms in coastal areas. Feeds on fishes (Ref. 4316) and crustaceans (Ref. 5213). Excellent food fish (Ref. 4316).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Richards, W.J. and V.P. Saksena, 1990. Triglidae. p. 680-684. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3687)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.3 - 17.9, mean 13.3 °C (based on 65 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00431 - 0.02019), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.14; tm=2-5; tmax=12).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 66.9 [32.3, 151.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.871 [0.476, 1.605] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [18.1, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.492 [0.236, 1.345] g/100g ; Selenium = 39.4 [19.0, 92.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 16.9 [6.3, 45.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.65 [0.45, 0.98] mg/100g (wet weight);