Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Cheilodipterus: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, di = two + Greek, pteryx = fin (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 10 m (Ref. 11890), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 20°N - 20°S
Western Pacific: Philippines, East Indies, Palau, Caroline Islands, Marshall Islands, and Rowley Shoals off northwestern Australia. Also reported from New Caledonia (Ref. 26587).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
Inhabits lagoon reefs (Ref. 37816) and silty habitats in among boulders in seagrass areas; juveniles among urchin spines (Ref. 48635). Sexual maturity reached at about 7 to 8 cm (Ref. 8525). Solitary and nocturnal (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Gon, O., 1993. Revision of the cardinalfish genus Cheilodipterus (Perciformes: Apogonidae), with description of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (22):59 p. (Ref. 8525)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28 - 29.3, mean 28.8 °C (based on 1631 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00231 - 0.01140), b=3.35 (3.16 - 3.54), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 108 [64, 215] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.701 [0.429, 1.139] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [18.1, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.119 [0.074, 0.196] g/100g ; Selenium = 35.3 [18.5, 66.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 87.4 [32.7, 225.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.5 [1.0, 2.1] mg/100g (wet weight);