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Cephaloscyllium umbratile Jordan & Fowler, 1903

Blotchy swell shark
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Cephaloscyllium umbratile   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Cephaloscyllium umbratile (Blotchy swell shark)
Cephaloscyllium umbratile
Picture by Shao, K.T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae (Cat sharks) > Scyliorhininae
Etymology: Cephaloscyllium: cephalus, from kephale (Gr.), head, referring to its very broad and depressed head; skylion, Greek for dogfish or small shark. (See ETYFish);  umbratile: Latin for shaded, described as “marbled above with shades of dark and deep brown”. (See ETYFish).
More on authors: Jordan & Fowler.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 20 - 500 m (Ref. 94801). Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western North Pacific: Japan Sea, East China Sea (Japan, Korea, China and Taiwan) (Ref. 94801); possibly up to New Zealand. Similar to Cephaloscyllium isabellum but the color pattern is different.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 97.9, range 92 - 104 cm
Max length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95495); 110.0 cm (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished by the following characters: with three broad dark saddle blotches before first dorsal fin, the first saddle on posterior half of interorbital region and immediately behind eye, second saddle over pectoral fin base, and third saddle at middle between pectoral and pelvic fin bases; adults with dark and irregular spots, sometimes with white spots between the saddles (Ref. 94801).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on rocky reefs (Ref. 12951); near shore, down to 300 m on sandy mud bottoms (Ref. 11230). Feeds mainly on bony fishes such as mackerel, sardines, filefishes, moray eels, dragonets, flatfishes and cowfishes (Ref. 12951) but also preys on elasmobranches and squid (Ref. 12951). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Thrives and breeds in public aquariums (Ref. 12951).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 559), two tendril eggcases are deposited at one time (Ref. 12951). Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Eggs hatch after about 1 year and size upon hatching is 16-22 cm (Ref. 12951).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborators

Nakaya, K., S. Inque and H.-C. Ho, 2013. A review of the genus Cephaloscyllium (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae) from Taiwanese waters. Zootaxa 3752(1):101-129. (Ref. 94801)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  Near Threatened (NT) (A2d); Date assessed: 28 August 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 12951)





Human uses

Aquarium: public aquariums
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
BRUVS
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Nutrients
Mass conversion
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 11.5 - 26.5, mean 19.2 °C (based on 435 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00275 (0.00140 - 0.00542), b=3.20 (3.02 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.76 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100).