Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae
Etymology: Cephaloscyllium: Greek, kephale = head + skylion = dogfish (Ref. 80388); umbratile: Named from the Latin 'umbra' meaning shaded (Ref. 80388). More on authors: Jordan & Fowler.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 20 - 500 m (Ref. 94801). Subtropical
Western North Pacific: Japan Sea, East China Sea (Japan, Korea, China and Taiwan) (Ref. 94801); possibly up to New Zealand. Similar to Cephaloscyllium isabellum but the color pattern is different.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 95 - 101.1 cm
Max length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95495); 110.0 cm (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Overall color is lighter than C. isabellum, with irregular saddles and numerous blotches and a spotless ventral surface (Ref. 12951).
Found on rocky reefs (Ref. 12951); near shore, down to 300 m on sandy mud bottoms (Ref. 11230). Feeds mainly on bony fishes such as mackerel, sardines, filefishes, moray eels, dragonets, flatfishes and cowfishes (Ref. 12951) but also preys on elasmobranches and squid (Ref. 12951). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Thrives and breeds in public aquariums (Ref. 12951).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 559), two tendril eggcases are deposited at one time (Ref. 12951). Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Eggs hatch after about 1 year and size upon hatching is 16-22 cm (Ref. 12951).
Nakaya, K., S. Inque and H.-C. Ho, 2013. A review of the genus Cephaloscyllium (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae) from Taiwanese waters. Zootaxa 3752(1):101-129. (Ref. 94801)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.5 - 26.5, mean 19.2 °C (based on 435 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00170 - 0.00646), b=3.15 (2.97 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.76 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .