Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Caristiidae
Etymology: Caristius: Name presumably named after Carystus, a demi-god of Greek mythology.; meridionalis: Name from Latin 'meridionalis' meaning southern, referring to the austral distribution of the species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 1 - 1335 m (Ref. 94277), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
South Pacific: off the coasts of Australia and New Zealand. South Atlantic: off Argentina. Probably circumglobal at southern temperate latitudes.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94277)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 20 - 24;
Vertebrae: 37 - 41. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following: have a greater number of dorsal-fin rays (35-39 or more vs. 36 or fewer); differs from C. macropus by the presence of several long bristles on distal half of raker, and one or two long bristles extending from the tip of each raker (vs. several short bristles along distal half of raker, and occasionally a small bristle at the tip) and the morphology of the dorsal pharyngeal papillae (fleshy tabs and small papillae vs. low folds); from C. fasciatus by the greater number of smaller teeth, higher vertebral count, and by the absence of a fingerlike papilla inside the opercle (occasionally absent in C. fasciatus as well); from C. digitus by the absence of a series of fingerlike papillae inside the opercle, the short conical pharyngeal teeth (vs. elongate pharyngeal teeth), and fewer gill rakers (18-21 vs. 22-26) (Ref. 94277).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stevenson, D.E. and C.P. Kenaley, 2013. Revision of the manefish genera Caristius and Platyberyx (Teleostei: Percomorpha: Caristiidae), with description of five new species. Copeia 2013(3):415-434. (Ref. 94277)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.8 - 14.3, mean 10 °C (based on 92 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .