Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Callanthiidae
Etymology: Callanthias: Greek, kalos, kallos = beautiful + Greek, anthias = a fish (Sparus aurata) (Ref. 45335). More on author: Rafinesque.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 50 - 500 m (Ref. 5506), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 51°N - 16°N, 32°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic: English Channel (occasional) to Mauritania including Madeira, Azores, Canary Islands. Also throughout the Mediterranean.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5288); common length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397)
Found on rocks, muddy bottoms and submarine caves. Oviparous, probably protogynous (Ref. 5506).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Protogyny needs verification.
Tortonese, E., 1986. Serranidae. p. 780-792. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 5506)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.1 - 16.2, mean 14.6 °C (based on 134 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00387 - 0.02465), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .