Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins; tetras) > Stevardiinae
Etymology: Bryconamericus: Greek, bryko = to bite + America, latinized (Ref. 45335); cinarucoense: Named for the Cinaruco River of southern Apure State, where the type series was collected.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
South America: Cinaruco River of the Orinoco River basin in Venezuela and Essequibo River basin in Guyana; probably extends to similar rivers throughout the Orinoco Basin in Venezuela and Colombia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 77139)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 35. Distinguished from all other species of the genus by having upper jaw extending beyond lower, maxilla short with one or two teeth, cartilaginous rhinosphenoid extending to anterior part of prevomer, pelvic bone with cartilage along anterior edge, and lateral line pores in a straight line. Can be separated from the most similar Venezuelan species Bryconamericus subtilisform by possessing fewer pored lateral line scales 35-37 (vs. 38-39), more scales below lateral line to origin of pelvic fin 4-5 (vs. 2-3), more branched anal-fin rays 20-21 (vs. 17-18), and pelvic-fin rays usually ii,6 (vs. I,7).
Found along shore over sandy substrates in mainstreams of rivers, as well as tributaries (Ref. 77139).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Román-Valencia, C., D.C. Taphorn B. and R.I. Ruiz-C., 2008. Two new Bryconamericus: B. cinarucoense n. sp. And B. singularis n. sp. (Characiformes, characidae) from the Cinaruco River, Orinoco Basin, with keys to all Venezuelan species. Anim. Biodivers. Conserv. 31(1):15-27. (Ref. 77139)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00372 - 0.01775), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .