Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Alestidae
Etymology: Brycinus: Greek, ebrykon, brykomai = to bite, to gnaw (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical
Africa: endemic to Lake Turkana, Kenya (Ref. 52331, 53378).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 52331)
Morphology | Morphometrics
It has sharply pointed fang-like teeth and a muzzle-like prognathous snout (Ref. 53378). Pale fawn with silvery scales, darker on the dorsal surface (Ref. 53378). Both lobes of the caudal fin marked with red chromatophores on the lower lobe (Ref. 53378). The dorsal surface is lightly patterned with melanophores in preserved specimens, heavier in a band on the middorsal line (Ref. 53378). Characteristic patches of black pigment are present on the snout, on the lower jaw and on the mid-lateral portion of the caudal peduncle (Ref. 53378). Distal margin of caudal fin with broad edging of black pigment (Ref. 53378).
Pelagic, restricted to offshore waters; feeds chiefly on prawns, zooplankton and insects with an increasing proportion of small fish in larger individuals; spawns within lake; dominant species in terms of standing stock in Lake Turkana (Ref. 53378).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hopson, A.J. and J. Hopson, 1982. The fishes of Lake Turkana with a description of three new species: Alestes ferox sp. nov., Alestes minutus sp. nov. (Pisces: Characidae) and Barbus turkanae sp. nov. (Pisces: Cyprinidae). p. 283-347. In A.J. Hopson (ed.) Lake Turkana. A report on the findings of the Lake Turkana project 1972-1975. Overseas Development Administration, London. 1873 p. (Ref. 53378)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00541 - 0.02797), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .