Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Bregmacerotidae
Etymology: Bregmaceros: Greek, bregma = front of the head + Greek, keras, -atos = horn (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Bollman.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 86 - m (Ref. 58018), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 45°N - 4°S, 126°W - 78°W
Eastern Pacific: off Mexico to Gulf of Panama.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 37955)
soft rays: 45 - 52;
Vertebrae: 48 - 51. More than 50 lateral line scales; 10 scales in transverse series. Eye 3.0 in head. Depth 6.6 - 7 in standard length. The first dorsal fin consists of an elongate occipital ray (Ref. 36382). The caudal fin is well developed and separate from the dorsal and anal fins (Ref. 36382). Pelvic fins are jugular; the outer three rays are separate, thick, and elongate, extending well past the origin of the anal fin (Ref. 36382). Branchiostegal rays: 7-7 (Ref. 36382).
Neritic, restricted to the near-shore water of continental shelves. Reaches depths greater than 1000 m (Ref. 37955). Adults feed on plankton (Ref. 36382). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 36382).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Shen, S.C., 1960. Bregmaceros lanceolatus and Bregmaceros pescadorus, two new species of dwarf fishes from southern Taiwan and Pescadore Islands. Q. J. Taiwan Mus. 13 (1-2):67-74. (Ref. 31443)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.9 - 12.8, mean 9.8 °C (based on 34 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00372 (0.00152 - 0.00908), b=3.19 (2.97 - 3.41), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .