Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Stethaprioninae
Etymology: Brachychalcinus: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, chalkos = brass (Ref. 45335); reisi: Named for Roberto Esser dos Reis, for his great contributions to the knowledge of the Stethaprioninae and the Neotropical ichthyology as a whole. Used as a genitive noun.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Upper Rio Curuá, Rio Xingu basin in southern Pará State, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118114)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 32 - 35;
Vertebrae: 34. Brachychalcinus reisi is distinguished from all other species of the genus by having a series of dark, conspicuous, wavy longitudinal stripes on the entire body (vs. longitudinal dark wavy stripes absent or restricted to middorsal portion of body) and by having 7-8 longitudinal scale rows between dorsal-fin origin and lateral line (vs. 8-12). In addition, it is diagnosed from B. copei (Steindachner, 1883), B. retrospina Boulenger, 1892 and B. parnaibae by having 9 branched dorsal-fin rays (vs. 10-11). It can be differentiated from B. nummus Böhlke, 1958 and B. orbicularis (Valenciennes, 1850) by having 8-9 horizontal scale rows between the lateral line and pelvic-fin origin (vs. 10-11). It further differs from B. nummus by having numerous paralleled arranged scale radii (vs. few divergent arranged scale radii) (Ref. 118114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Garcia-Ayala, J.R., W.M. Ohara, M.L. Pastana and R.C. Benine, 2017. A new species of Brachychalcinus (Characiformes: Characidae) from the rio Xingu basin, Serra do Cachimbo, Brazil. Zootaxa 4362(4):564-574. (Ref. 118114)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00567 - 0.03209), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .