Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Blenniella: Diminutive of blennius, Greek,blenios = mucus (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Bryan & Herre.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 3 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical
Western Pacific: southern Sulawesi; Palau to Marquesan and Ducie islands, north to Marcus Islands, south to Great Barrier Reef; throughout Micronesia; replaced by Blenniella periophthalmus in the Indian Ocean and southeast Asia from Ryukyus through Solomons to Santa Cruz Islands (Ref. 37816).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9962); 13.1 cm SL (female)
(total): 12 - 14;
soft rays: 20 - 21;
Vertebrae: 37 - 39. Diagnosis: Dorsal fin XII-XIV, 18-21, notched between spinous and segmented-ray portions; anal fin II, 20-21; pectoral rays 13-15 (usually 14); pelvic fin I, 3; caudal fin, procurrent rays 7, segmented rays 13. Vertebrae 12 + 25-27. Orbital cirrus simple and slender, may have a short lateral branch, less often up to 4 branches; nasal cirri short and palmate, may rarely have more than 6 branches; nuchal cirri simple and slender, may have a single branch or a ragged edge. Mandibular pores 6. Dorsal lips margin entire, ventral margin crenulated. Occipital crest absent, but large males have a low thin ridge (less than 1.8 mm); no crest or ridge in females (Ref. 9962).
Adults are common on exposed outer intertidal reef flats, in areas with numerous cracks and holes. They feed on filamentous algae and associated minute invertebrates, e.g., foraminiferans, ostracods, copepods, and gastropods (Ref. 37816). Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Springer, V.G. and J.T. Williams, 1994. The Indo-West Pacific blenniid fish genus Istiblennius reappraised: a revision of Istiblennius, Blenniella, and Paralticus, new genus. Smithson. Contrib. Zool. 565:1-193. (Ref. 9962)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29.4, mean 28.1 °C (based on 1052 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00341 - 0.01686), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 107 [62, 202] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.726 [0.446, 1.168] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [17.5, 19.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.112 [0.066, 0.187] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.4 [15.5, 54.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 109 [38, 286] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.85 [1.24, 2.71] mg/100g (wet weight);