Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Blenniella: Diminutive of blennius, Greek,blenios = mucus (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indian Ocean: essentially restricted from African east coast to the west coast of Sumatra, and extending to Java and Bali.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 2 - ? cm
Max length : 8.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9962); 6.0 cm SL (female); common length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9962); common length :5.5 cm SL (female)
(total): 12 - 14;
soft rays: 19 - 22;
Vertebrae: 38 - 40. Diagnosis: Dorsal fin XII to XIV, 19 to 22, notched between spinous and segmented-ray portions; anal fin II, 19-22; pectoral rays 13-15 (usually 14); pelvic fin I, 3; caudal fin procurrent rays 10-14, segmented rays 13. Vertebrae 11-12 + 27-29. Last pleural rib on 12-13th vertebrae. Orbital cirrus simple filamentous; nasal cirri short and simple to palmate with 2-6 branches; nape without cirri. Lateral line, continuous anterodorsally below dorsal spine 6-7th to 9-10th, disconnected posteroventrally up to below dorsal spine 12-13th. Mandibular pores 4-6. Lips margin entire. Occipital crest present, higher in males (Ref. 9962). Body depth at anal-fin origin 5.6-6.1 in SL (Ref. 90102). Males with dusky bands on body, each band with a vertical pair of oblong spots; dark spot behind eye and opercle (Ref. 4404). Females with faintly dusky bands on body overlain by dark lines that break up into dashes at posterior portion; dark spots on median fins (Ref. 4404).
Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114). Common length: females usually less than 5.5 cm, males usually more than 6.0 cm in SL (Ref. 9962).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Springer, V.G. and J.T. Williams, 1994. The Indo-West Pacific blenniid fish genus Istiblennius reappraised: a revision of Istiblennius, Blenniella, and Paralticus, new genus. Smithson. Contrib. Zool. 565:1-193. (Ref. 9962)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.9 - 29.3, mean 28.2 °C (based on 721 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00335 - 0.01640), b=3.02 (2.83 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .