Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Malay/Javanese origin. Bleeker (1850, 1858) indicates Ikan Wadder Bettah as the local name of Betta trifasciata Bleeker, 1849 (now Betta picta, Valenciennes, 1846) in the Ambarawa Javanese dialect. Ikan Wader is a common Javanese name for smaller freshwater fishes, especially cyprinids (already used in Old Javanese). See Blust, R. & Trussel, S. Austronesian Comparative Dictionary. Web Edition (https://www.trussel2.com/acd/).. More on author: Herre.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 5.2 - 7.0; dH range: ? - 10. Tropical; 21°C - 27°C (Ref. 13614)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56613)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 0 - 2;
soft rays: 27;
Vertebrae: 30 - 31. A member of the Betta akarensis group distinguished from other members by possessing the following combination of characters: opercle with interrupted second postorbital stripe; eye color orange when alive; anal-fin rays 27-30; subdorsal scales 6-7; lateral scales 29-30; predorsal scales 21-24; postdorsal scales 10-12; preanal length 48.5-52.6% SL ; head length 32.6-37.5% SL; length of anal-fin base 47.8-55.4% SL (Ref. 56613).
Found in forest streams with moderate current, very shallow water among plant roots and submerged leaf litter along the banks. Also occurs in slow flowing black water streams among submerged stream bank vegetation and submerged leaf litter (Ref. 56613). An oral brooder (Ref. 56613).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Tan, H.H. and P.K.L. Ng, 2005. The fighting fishes (Teleostei: Osphronemidae: Genus Betta) of Singapore, Malaysia and Brunei. Raffles Bull. Zool. Supplement (13):43-99. (Ref. 56613)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .