Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Malay/Javanese origin. Bleeker (1850, 1858) indicates Ikan Wadder Bettah as the local name of Betta trifasciata Bleeker, 1849 (now Betta picta, Valenciennes, 1846) in the Ambarawa Javanese dialect. Ikan Wader is a common Javanese name for smaller freshwater fishes, especially cyprinids (already used in Old Javanese). See Blust, R. & Trussel, S. Austronesian Comparative Dictionary. Web Edition (https://www.trussel2.com/acd/).; apollon: Named for Apollo, the mythological Greek god of (among others) music, poetry, medicine and archery and which also refers to handsome young man; an allusion to the beautiful appearance of this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78499)
soft rays: 23 - 24. This species belonging to the Betta pugnax group is differentiated from the others by having the following characters: elongated last branchiostegal ray extending beyond
posterior margin of the operculum; 25-26 total anal-fin rays; 29-30 lateral scales (Ref. 78499).
This species was collected in hill-streams strongly shaded by forest; mostly found in shallow water close to the shores between roots, plants or leaf litter. Some specimens were also collected from the swift flowing area between boulders. Water data from the type locality: colourless, clear and with a pH of 6.2, an electric conductivity of 20-40 µS/cm and a temperature of 24-26 °C (Ref. 78499).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schindler, I. and J. Schmidt, 2006. Review of the mouthbrooding Betta (Teleostei, Osphronemidae) from Thailand, with descriptions of two new species. Zeitschrift für Fischkunde 8(1/2):47-69. (Ref. 78499)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .