Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Alepocephalidae
Etymology: Bathytroctes: Greek, bathys = deep + Greek, trokta, -on = sweets for dessert; also = troktos, -e, -on = edible (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 4900 m (Ref. 58018), usually ? - 1800 m (Ref. 4460). Deep-water; 54°N - 22°S, 91°W - 95°E (Ref. 57321)
Eastern Atlantic: off southwestern Ireland, Bay of Biscay southward to Namibia including Azores and Madeira Islands. Elsewhere, western Atlantic, South China Sea, southeast Pacific and in tropical waters of the eastern Indian Ocean.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4460)
Cheeks or the upper part of the operculum without scales (less than 2 scale rows below the postorbital canal). Transverse scale rows at least ten more than the lateral line (rarely less than 10) (Ref. 34286).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Markle, D.F. and J.-C. Quéro, 1984. Alepocephalidae (including Bathylaconidae, Bathyprionidae). p. 228-253. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4736)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.2 - 9.3, mean 4.5 (based on 681 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00162 - 0.00740), b=3.19 (3.00 - 3.38), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .