Barbus samniticus

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Barbus samniticus Lorenzoni, Carosi, Quadroni, De Santis, Vanetti, Delmastro & Zaccara, 2021

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drawing shows typical species in Cyprinidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Barbus: Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335);  samniticus: Named for Samnites, ancient Italic people who settled in the type locality..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Italy.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 123793)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished by the following characters: last unbranched dorsal-fin ray weakly ossified; superior margin of the dorsal fin is straight or slightly concave like other Italian fluviolacustrine barbels (some profile slightly convex); numerous small irregular-shaped black or dark-brown dots, smaller than scales that often form large, black or dark-brown spots on the back and flanks in juveniles and adults and this pigmentation is more evident in specimens living in clear water, whereas it tends to disappear in turbid environments; differs from all the other species by its greatest maximum height 20.4-25.1% SL (vs. 18.8%-24.9% SL in B. fucini, 19.0%-22.7% SL in B. tyberinus, 17.9%-22.7% SL in B. plebejus); differs from B. fucini by the shorter pre-orbital distance 8.2%-9.7% SL (vs. 7.9%-11.0% SL); differs from B. tyberinus and B. plebejus by having longer pectoral fins 17.1% - 20.6% (vs. 16.7%-19.8% and 15.7%-20.4% SL, respectively); longer ventral fin 12.4%-16.8% (vs. 11.0%-15.7% and 11.6%-15.3% SL) and caudal fins 12.5%16.4% (vs. 12.1%-14.7% and 12.1%-15.1% SL); differs from B. tyberinus in that it has longer lobes of the caudal fin upper: 21.2%-26.2% (vs. 19.1%-23.7% SL) and lower:19.8%-26.1% (vs. 19.5%-23.4% SL), a greater dorsal fin 14.6%-19.0% (vs. 13.7%-16.3% SL), a major presence of pigmentation and dots on scales and fins and a different dominant (orange) colour of the anal, dorsal and ventral fins; differs from B. plebejus by having fewer scales on 51-67 (vs. 58-71), above 10-13 (vs. 11-15) and under 7-9 (vs. 8-11) the lateral line, greater minimum height 10.2%-12.5% (vs. 9.3%-11.1%% SL), smaller fork depth 8.8% - 11.3% (vs. 9.1%-12.5% SL) and greater amount of body spots (Ref. 123793),

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species populates intermediate and hilly stretches of Apennine rivers together with other Italian species typical of the barbel zone: Sarmarutilus rubilio, Telestes muticellus and Squalius squalus (Ref. 123793).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lorenzoni, M., A. Carosi, S. Quadroni, V. De Santis, I. Vanetti, G.B. Delmastro and S. Zaccara, 2021. Cryptic diversity within endemic Italian barbels: revalidation and description of new Barbus species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). J. Fish Biol. 98(5):1433-1449. (Ref. 123793)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00348 - 0.01313), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .