Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Balitoridae
Etymology: ludongensis: Named for its type locality, Ludong Town, Jingxi County, Guangxi, China.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical; 24°N - 23°N, 106°E - 107°E
Asia: China (Guangxi).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87910)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Differs from all its congeners by the following characters: pectoral fin with vi-vii, 11-12 rays; pelvic fin with ii, 6-7 rays; preoral groove relatively shallow, upper lip without or with 3-5 fold-like papillae in a row on its middle surface and gradually smooth to the corner of mouth; two maxillary barbels at each corner of mouth, the outer one slightly longer than the inner one, 149.0-190.9% of eye diameter; eyes small, eye diameter 14.2-18.1% of head length; Dorsal-fin origin slightly anterior to pelvic-fin origin; Caudal-peduncle depth 39.1-55.0% of its length; upper lobe of caudal fin longer than the lower one; lateral-line scales 69-74; with 6-9 black blotches on the dorsal side of body (Ref. 87910).
Collected from hillstreams with swift current over bottom of gravel. Individuals swim slowly and usually inhabit the bottom of water. Associated species collected were cyprinids, Carassius auratus auratus, Cyprinus carpio, Pseudorasbora parva Yunnanilus jinxiensis; eleotrid Micropercops compressocephalus; and silurids Silurus asotus, Silurus cochinchinensis (Ref. 87910).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Liu, S.-W., Y. Zhu, R.-F. Wei and X.-Y. Chen, 2012. A new species of the genus Balitora (Teleostei: Balitoridae) from Guangxi, China. Environ. Biol. Fishes online (Ref. 87910)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00178 (0.00070 - 0.00453), b=3.10 (2.88 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .