Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Australoheros: From the Latin word 'australis' meaning southern, and the name Heros, after the nominotypic genus of the heroini tribe.
tribe; capixaba: From the Brazilian idiomatic expression capixaba, meaning people who were born in the Estado de Espírito Santo (Ref. 84134).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 18°S - 19°S, 40°W - 41°W
South America: Brazil. Rio São Mateus basin, rio Itaúnas basin, rio Barra Seca basin and lower rio Doce basin, all in south-eastern Brazil (Ref. 84134).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84134)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15 - 16;
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 26. Australoheros capixaba is distinguished from A. facetus, A. kaaygua, A. tembe, A. forquilha, A. guarani, A. minuano, A. scitulus, A. charrua and A. taura by having fewer caudal vertebrae (12 in A. capixaba vs. 13 – 15 in the other species). Australoheros capixaba differs from A. saquarema, A. muriae, A. robustus, A. barbosae, A. macacuensis, A. ipatinguensis, A. paraibae and A. ribeirae by having a longer caudal peduncle (9.6 – 11.4 % SL in A. capixaba vs. 5.1 – 9.2 % SL in the other species); from A. autrani, A. barbosae, A. ipatinguensis, A. muriae and A. saquarema by having fewer anal-fin rays (8 in A. capixaba vs. 9 – 10 in the other species); from A. macacuensis, A. macaensis, A. ribeirae and A. saquarema by having large red spots on the dorsal portion of the trunk (vs. absence); from A. autrani, A. macacuensis, A. macaensis and A. saquarema by having a reddish chest (vs. chest not reddish, i.e. a coloration similar to the entire trunk); from A. macaensis and A. saquarema by not having a detached snout, with a depression on the snout (vs. detached snout, with depression on head in specimens above 30.0 mm SL); from A. robustus by fewer dorsal-fin spines (15 – 16 vs. 17) and more dorsal-fin rays (10 – 11 vs. 8 – 9); from A. macacuensis by having both arms of trunk bar 7 with the same width (vs. postero-dorsal arm of trunk bar 7 wider than anterior one) and pelvic fins with green and yellow iridescence (vs. black or dark brown); and from A. paraibae by having a longer last anal-fin spine (last anal-fin spine length 14.0 – 17.2 % SL vs. 12.2 – 13.3 % SL) (Ref. 84134).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ottoni, F.P., 2010. Australoheros capixaba, a new species of Australoheros from south-eastern Brazil (Labroidei: Cichlidae: Cichlasomatinae). Verteb. Zool. 60(1):19-25. (Ref. 84134)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00598 - 0.04201), b=2.99 (2.76 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .