Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Atrobucca: Latin, atro = black + Latin, bucca = mouth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 105 m (Ref. 7483). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Arabian Sea off Bombay, India and Sind, Pakistan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7483)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 25. Drumming muscles present in males, absent in females. Last pleural rib on 10th vertebrae. Eye almost equally large in both young and adults.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sasaki, K. and P.J. Kailola, 1988. Three new Indo-Australian species of the sciaenid genus Atrobucca, with a reevaluation of generic limit. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 35(3):261-277. (Ref. 7483)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23 - 27.2, mean 25.6 °C (based on 45 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00270 - 0.01286), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .