Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Astyanax: The name of Astyanax, Hector´s son in the Greek mithology (Ref. 45335); turmalinensis: The new species is named for Turmalina, the country in which the specimens were first collected.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 52302). Tropical
South America: Rio Jequitinhonha basin, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81203)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 18 - 21. Astyanax turmalinensis differs from the other species of the genus by the following combination of characters: presence of 20 to 24 anal fin rays; 34 to 36 scales in lateral lines; 1 or 2 teeth in the maxillary bone; greatest body depth at pelvic fin origin; caudal peduncle oval spot horizontally elongated, prolonging into median caudal fin rays, onward becoming a dark band laterally on the body, tapering anteriorly, to a point slightly anterior to middle of standard length; humeral black spot present, truncate anteriorly, usually circular posteriorly, extending anteroventrally, followed by a clear area and then subsequentely a vertically elongated dark area of loosely-assembled chromatophores. Snout slender, about the same mength as eye diameter; four teeth in the outer row of the premaxillary bone; posterior border of anal fin concave anteriorly.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Triques, M.L., V. Vono and E.V. Caiafa, 2003. Astyanax turmalinensis, a new species from the Rio Jequitinhonha basin, Minas Gerais, Brazil (Characiformes: Characidae: Tetragonopterinae). aqua, J. Ichthyol. Aquat. Biol. 7(4):145-150. (Ref. 52302)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00609 - 0.02852), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .