Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Astyanax: The name of Astyanax, Hector´s son in the Greek mithology (Ref. 45335); orthodus: Name from latinized Greek ‘orthodon’, meaning ‘straight tooth’, referring to the straight posterior surface of the inner premaxillary teeth and the cusps, which was used to distinguish this species from A. bimaculatus. More on author: Eigenmann.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 36880)
South America: Colombia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91755)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Predorsal midline with a continuous series of scales covering more than three quarters
of the distance between the posterior tip of supraoccipital spine and dorsal-fin origin and the caudal-peduncle spot restricted to the midlateral axis of the body, not extending on to the dorsal and ventral margins of bases of caudal-fin rays (Ref. 119406).
Recorded in streams and ponds between 1 and 60 m elevation. Schools are found in waters ranging from stagnant to swift current at temperatures of 24 to 28°C. Feeds on seeds, terrestrial and aquatic insects (Ref. 36880).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ruiz-C., R.I., C. Román-Valencia, D.C. Taphorn, P.A. Buckup and H. Ortega, 2018. Revision of the Astyanax orthodus species-group (Teleostei: Characidae) with descriptions of three new species. European Journal of Taxonomy 402:1-45. (Ref. 119406)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00613 - 0.03110), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .