Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Bothidae
Etymology: Arnoglossus: Greek, aros, -oy = lamb + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 85 - 897 m (Ref. 56504), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 46°N - 23°N, 20°W - 35°E
Eastern Atlantic: west Gibraltar to Cape Bojador (West Sahara) and Canary Islands including western Mediterranean and Morocco.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4704)
Depth range from 85-550 m (Ref. 04704) and from 288-897 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Feed on small fishes and invertebrates. Spawn during autumn in the Mediterranean.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Aldebert, Y., M. Desoutter and J.-C. Quéro, 1990. Bothidae. p. 1027-1036. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 5979)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.2 - 15, mean 14.2 °C (based on 131 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00415 - 0.00696), b=3.06 (3.00 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.63 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .