Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Ariommatidae
Etymology: Ariomma: Greek, ari = very, strength, superiority + Greek, omma = eyes (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Day.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 20 - 300 m (Ref. 4412), usually 20 - 100 m (Ref. 52180). Tropical; 36°N - 34°S, 22°E - 180°E
Indo-Pacific: South Africa to the Persian Gulf east to the Indo-Malayan region up to Moala, Fiji, and north to Japan.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 15.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9811); common length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9811)
Occurs in small schools in areas with muddy substrates on the continental shelf and upper slope. Feeds mainly on zooplankton. Appears to be pelagic at night and demersal by day and may migrate seasonally. Marketed fresh or dried-salted (Ref. 3300).
Oviparous, gonochorous, with pelagic eggs (Ref. 101194).
Haedrich, R.L., 1984. Ariommidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 23.6 - 29, mean 27.8 °C (based on 2324 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.01394 - 0.03132), b=2.93 (2.82 - 3.04), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.1).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 177 [96, 311] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.12 [0.70, 1.91] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [17.3, 21.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.246 [0.128, 0.460] g/100g ; Selenium = 50.9 [24.1, 106.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 23.6 [8.7, 68.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.11 [0.73, 1.65] mg/100g (wet weight);