Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Sternopygidae
Etymology: Archolaemus: Greek, archo = anus + Greek, laimos = throat (Ref. 45335); luciae: Named for Lucia Py-Daniel of the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, in recognition of her many contributions to the knowledge of the fishes of the Amazon and her assistance to the authors over the years..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Rio Jari, Rio Trombetas and Rio Tapajós basins in eastern Amazon; Rio Araguari, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 49.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93148)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 192 - 213. Distinguished by having the following combination of characters: depth of the caudal filament 3.3-4.8% CL; length of the caudal filament 28.6-46.1% LEA; length of the coronomeckelian bone 50% or more the length of Meckel’s cartilage; length of the posterior ceratohyal approximately the same length as the ventral hypohyal; gape relatively long and the rictus extending posteriorly beyond the vertical through the posterior naris; teeth between seven and ten irregularly distributed on the internal surface of the endopterygoid; anteroposterior length of premaxilla greater than the transverse width; teeth on the dentary restricted to the anterior one-half or slightly more of the dorsal margin; presence of a narrow dark stripe along the lateral line and a broad band of dusky to dark pigmentation overlying the basal pterygiophores of the anal fin; 19-21 pectoral-fin rays; and 192-213 anal-fin rays (Ref. 93148).
Occurs in swift-flowing water habitats. Also found in main stream of shallow rapids and
small waterfalls, always over a rocky bottom (Ref. 93418).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Vari, R.P., C.D. de Santana and W.B. Wosiacki, 2012. South American electric knifefishes of the genus Archolaemus (Ostariophysi, Gymnotiformes): undetected diversity in a clade of rheophiles. Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society 165:670-699. (Ref. 93148)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00169 - 0.00782), b=2.96 (2.77 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100).