Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Sternopygidae
Etymology: Archolaemus: Greek, archo = anus + Greek, laimos = throat (Ref. 45335); ferreirai: Named for Efrem Ferreira of the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, one of the collectors of the type series, in recognition of his many contributions to the understanding of the Amazonian fish fauna..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Rio Mucajaí and Rio Uraricoera in the north-eastern portions of the Amazon basin, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 34.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93148)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 190 - 222. Distinguished from other congeners by having the following combinations of characters: length of the gape with the rictus falling short of the vertical through the posterior naris; the length of the coronomeckelian bone 50% or more the length of Meckel’s cartilage; the length of the posterior ceratohyal approximately the same length as the ventral hypohyal; 10-14 scales above the lateral line at the midbody; the form of the premaxilla with the anteroposterior length greater than the transverse width; the distribution of the teeth on the dentary restricted to anterior one-half or slightly more of the dorsal margin; five or six teeth arranged in single row on the internal surface of the endopterygoid; presence of a narrow dark stripe along the lateral line and a broad band of dusky to dark pigmentation overlying the basal pterygiophores of the anal fin; 18-21 pectoral-fin rays; 190-222 anal-fin rays (Ref. 93148).
The type locality, Rio Mucajaí, is characterized by rapid flowing water and a 20 m high waterfall. The species was encountered above these falls in an area with many rapids and no still backwaters (Ref. 93148).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Vari, R.P., C.D. de Santana and W.B. Wosiacki, 2012. South American electric knifefishes of the genus Archolaemus (Ostariophysi, Gymnotiformes): undetected diversity in a clade of rheophiles. Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society 165:670-699. (Ref. 93148)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00169 - 0.00782), b=2.96 (2.77 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100).