Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Apsilinae
Etymology: Apsilus: Greek, apsilos, -e, -on = hairless, shorn, peeled (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 15 - 300 m (Ref. 55), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 21°N - 25°S, 24°W - 15°E (Ref. 55)
Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Namibia, including Cape Verde (Ref. 10795). Records of this species from the western Indian Ocean are probably based on misidentifications.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); common length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55)
Adults inhabit coralline and rocky bottoms (Ref. 2683). Feed on small fishes, squids and crustaceans. Flesh of good quality.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.4 - 20.5, mean 16.8 °C (based on 34 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00507 - 0.01716), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.58 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 64.9 [34.5, 119.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.945 [0.569, 1.577] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.3 [17.5, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.371 [0.232, 0.603] g/100g ; Selenium = 39.8 [20.5, 73.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.1 [4.1, 36.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.658 [0.436, 0.983] mg/100g (wet weight);