Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Apogonichthys: Greek, a = without + Greek pogon = chin, beard + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Weber.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 5 m (Ref. 30874). Tropical; 32°N - 28°S
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to southern Great Barrier Reef and Rapa; throughout Micronesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4329); common length : 3.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37816)
Occurs inshore (Ref. 7300). Found in shallow sheltered lagoons and harbors, hiding among rocks, rubble, or clumps of brown algae (Ref. 1602). Nocturnal species. Solitary and cryptic (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.2 - 29.3, mean 28.3 °C (based on 2212 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00696 - 0.03143), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 205 [109, 404] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.05 [0.64, 2.03] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [18, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.177 [0.095, 0.327] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.2 [10.6, 49.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 78.5 [23.3, 279.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.73 [1.10, 2.71] mg/100g (wet weight);