Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Percopsiformes
(Trout-perches, pirate perches and cavef) > Aphredoderidae
Etymology: Aphredoderus: Greek, aphod = excrement + Greek, dere = throat, in reference to the unusual postion of the anus (Ref. 45335); sayanus: From the Greek aphod=excrement, and dere=throat, from the position of the anus; sayanus, named after an entomologist, Thomas Say (Ref. 79012).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 5°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468); 46°N - 28°N
North America: Eastern and central United States. Previously, two subspecies were recognized by Boltz & Stauffer 1993 (Ref. 34807): Aphredoderus sayanus sayanus in Atlantic Coast drainages from New York to Georgia; and A. sayanus gibbosus in the Mississippi River, Great Lakes, and western Gulf Coast drainages, with intergrades in Gulf Coast and Atlantic Coast drainages between Mississippi and Georgia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 10.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 12193)
Adults usually occur over mud in swamps, vegetated sloughs, ponds, lakes, backwaters, and quiet pools of creeks and small to large rivers (Ref 5723, 10294). Nocturnal feeders. Feed on aquatic insects, small crustaceans, and occasional small fish including their own young (Ref. 10294). Eggs in nests are guarded by both parents (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eggs in nests are guarded by both parents (Ref. 205).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00176 - 0.01190), b=3.11 (2.88 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.39 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=4; K=0.6).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100).