Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acanthuriformes
(Surgeonfishes) > Antigoniidae
Etymology: Antigonia: Daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta, who defied her uncle, king Creon, by performing funeral rites over her brother Polynices and was condemned to be immured in a cave (Ref. 45335); undulata: Name from Latin 'undulata', meaning wavy, reflecting the upper anterior profile of this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 185 - 438 m (Ref. 57877). Deep-water
Western Indian Ocean: Nazareth Bank, off Farquhar, NW Madagascar, Kenya and Mozambique.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57877)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Parin, N.V. and O.D. Borodulina, 2005. Antigonia (Caproidae) from the western Indian Ocean: 1. Species with nine spiny rays in the dorsal fin. J. Ichthyol. 45(6):417-428. (Ref. 57877)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.8 - 17.9, mean 14 °C (based on 30 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02344 (0.01103 - 0.04981), b=2.97 (2.77 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .