Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Anisotremus: Greek, anisos = unequal + Greek, trema, -atos = hole (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 24°N - 3°S
Eastern Pacific: Mexico to the northern tip of Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9114)
Body compressed and deep (depth contained 1.9 to 2.3 times in standard length); mouth small and terminal with thick fleshy lips; dorsal fin with 12 spines and 15 to 17 soft rays (XII, 15-17); pectoral fins equal to or shorter than head, reaching origin of anal fin; lateral line scales 49 to 57; scale series above lateral line oblique; back golden yellow; flanks with 6 bright blue longitudinal stripes bordered with dark blue; a dark (brown or black) bar from the nape and across the eye; a similar bar from origin of dorsal fin to base of pectoral fin (Ref. 55763).
Found over hard bottoms of shallow coastal waters. Also caught with trammel nets and harpoons. Considered a valuable food-fish.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
McKay, R.J. and M. Schneider, 1995. Haemulidae. Burros, corocoros, chulas, gallinazos, roncos. p. 1136-1173. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9114)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.6 - 28.6, mean 27.5 °C (based on 32 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00814 - 0.03709), b=3.02 (2.84 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 138 [72, 276] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.886 [0.472, 1.707] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.5, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.266 [0.119, 0.526] g/100g ; Selenium = 54.5 [23.6, 112.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 34.4 [12.4, 106.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.794 [0.457, 1.272] mg/100g (wet weight);