Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Amblyglyphidodon: Greek, amblys = darkness + Greek, glyphis = carved + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); indicus: Name from Latin 'indicus', of India, for its geographical distribution which is confined to the Indian Ocean and adjacent Red Sea. More on authors: Allen & Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 15 m (Ref. 46206). Tropical
Indian Ocean: from the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, the Maldives to the Andaman Sea, off northern tip of Sumatra at Weh I, (Indonesia) and coast of Thailand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 28618)
soft rays: 13 - 14;
Vertebrae: 26. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D XIII,11-13 (usually 12); A II,13 (rarely 14); pectoral rays 17-18; tubed lateral-line scales 15-18; gill rakers 7-8 + 18-20 = 25-28); body depth 1.5-1.7 in SL; teeth incisiform and in a single row; scaled suborbital; predorsal scales extending well before the nostrils, nearly to base of upper lip; colouration silvery grading to yellowish white on the belly and lower sides; the back and dorsal part of head is mainly green; with a broad, vertically elongate greenish streak on each body scale; rear edges of preopercle and upper half of opercle are dusky grey; median fins translucent to greenish white, the lower and upper edge of caudal fin narrowly blackish; pelvic fins pale yellow to white; pectoral fins are translucent with small dark spot at base of uppermost rays (Ref. 82240).
Presumed to be reef-associated (Ref. 206). Found in shallow waters on branching Acropora corals of inshore and outer reefs. Dead branches of corals serve as nests (Ref. 90102). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Distribution allopatric except eastern Andaman Sea where its similar species A. leucogaster is rarely found (Ref. 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R. and J.E. Randall, 2002. A review of the leucogaster species complex of the Indo-Pacific pomacentrid genus Amblyglyphidodon, with descriptions of two new species. Aqua J. Ichthyol. Aquat. Biol. 5(4):139-152. (Ref. 82240)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.8 - 29.1, mean 27.4 (based on 464 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02239 (0.01054 - 0.04757), b=2.99 (2.82 - 3.16), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .