Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Alestidae
Etymology: Alestes: Greek, alestes, -oy = miller (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical
Africa: endemic to but widely distributed in the Congo River basin (Ref. 41594, 42019, 42510, 44840, 45616, 46233, 46253, 80450) in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 42019), Republic of Congo (Ref. 44840), Cameroon (Ref. 46233) and the Central African Republic (Ref. 80450). Report from the Malagarasi in Tanzania probably based on a misidentification (Ref. 42019).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42016)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17 - 19. Diagnosis: very well developed adipose eyelid; 17-19 anal-fin rays (III, 14-16); 17-20 gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch; 39-43 lateral line scales; dorsal-fin origin at about same level of pelvic-fin insertions (Ref. 42019).
Omnivore; remnants of small fish, fruits (Ref. 4910), aquatic and terrestrial insects and vegetation (Ref. 4910, 41580) found in stomach. Found in schools, can frequently be seen jumping above water surface (Ref. 41594). Very similar to A. macrophthalmus (Ref. 42019, 42480).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paugy, D., 1984. Characidae. p. 140-183. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 5331)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .