Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Acheilognathidae
Etymology: Acheilognathus: Greek, a = without + Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335); microphysa: From the Greek mikros (small) and physis (air bladder), alluding to greatly reduced posterior chamber of air-bladder. More on authors: Yang, Chu & Chen.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 26748), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Asia: Yunnan, China.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26748)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 35 - 37. Can be diagnosed by the combination of the following characters: slender body (body depth 28.22-33.90% SL) and caudal peduncle (depth of caudal peduncle 10.10-11.43% SL), large eyes (eye diameter 33.30-39.04% HL), reduced posterior chamber of air-bladder and terminal mouth (Ref. 26748).
Found in lakes in shallow waters up to 10 m deep among dense vegetation. Feeds mainly on Spirogyra, Microcystis and Bacillariophyta (Ref. 26748).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Female has an ovipositor which is used to deposit eggs inside bivalves. Young remain in the bivalve until they can swim (Ref. 43281).
Kottelat, M., 1998. Fishes of the Nam Theun and Xe Bangfai basins, Laos, with diagnoses of twenty-two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae, Balitoridae, Cobitidae, Coiidae and Odontobutidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 9(1):1-128. (Ref. 27732)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .